Halloween


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Автор проекта: Богачук А.А.
учитель английского языка
ГБОУ гимназия №159
Калининского района
Санкт-Петербурга
Halloween

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Ancient Origins of Halloween
Halloween’s origins date back to the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain.The Celts, who lived 2,000 years ago in the area that is now Ireland, the United Kingdom and northern France, celebrated their new year on November 1. This day marked the end of summer and the harvest and the beginning of the dark, cold winter, a time of year that was often associated with human death. On the night of October 31 they celebrated Samhain, when it was believed that the ghosts of the dead returned to earth. In addition to causing trouble and damaging crops, Celts thought that the presence of the otherworldly spirits made it easier for the Druids, or Celtic priests, to make predictions about the future.
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Today’s Halloween Traditions
The American Halloween tradition of «trick-or-treating» probably dates back to the early All Souls’ Day parades in England. During the festivities, poor citizens would beg for food and families would give them pastries called «soul cakes» in return for their promise to pray for the family’s dead relatives.
The tradition of dressing in costume for Halloween has both European and Celtic roots. Hundreds of years ago, winter was an uncertain and frightening time. To avoid being recognized by these ghosts, people would wear masks when they left their homes after dark so that the ghosts would mistake them for fellow spirits. On Halloween, to keep ghosts away from their houses, people would place bowls of food outside their homes.
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Halloween Superstitions
In Scotland, fortune-tellers recommended that an eligible young woman name a hazelnut for each of her suitors and then toss the nuts into the fireplace. The nut that burned to ashes rather than popping or exploding, the story went, represented the girl’s future husband.
Another tale had it that if a young woman ate a sugary concoction made out of walnuts, hazelnuts and nutmeg before bed on Halloween night she would dream about her future husband.
Young women tossed apple-peels over their shoulders, hoping that the peels would fall on the floor in the shape of their future husbands’ initials; and stood in front of mirrors in darkened rooms, holding candles and looking over their shoulders for their husbands’ faces.
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Jack-o-lantern
People cut out eyes, a nose and a mouth on a pumpkin, put there a candle, turning a usual pumpkin into jack-o-lantern. It is very ancient Irish custom. The legend tells that there lived the person by name of Jack who was very avaricious. Therefore, when he died, it didn’t get on heavens. As it didn’t start up and to a devil. As a result, Jack has been compelled to go on the ground with the pumpkin till the Doomsday. Irish began to cut out terrible faces on turnip, a beet, a potato and a pumpkin, representing jack-o-lantern.
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Food
Because Halloween comes in the wake of the yearly apple harvest, candy apples , caramel or taffy apples are common Halloween treats made by rolling whole apples in a sticky sugar syrup.
At one time, candy apples were commonly given to children, but the practice rapidly waned in the wake of widespread rumors that some individuals were embedding items like pins and razor blades in the apples in the United States.
One custom that persists in modern-day Ireland is the baking of a barmbrack which is a light fruitcake, into which a plain ring, a coin and other charms are placed before baking.
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Dear Students, listen to the song “This is Halloween” and fill the gaps, please!!!
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This is Halloween 
Boys and girls of 1) ___________________________Wouldn’t you like to see something 2)______________?Come with us and you will seeThis, our town of HalloweenThis is Halloween, this is Halloween3)__________________ scream in the dead of nightThis is Halloween, 4)_____________ make a scene5)______________________ till the neighbors gonna die of frightIt’s our town, everybody screamIn this town of HalloweenI am the one hiding under your bedTeeth ground sharp and eyes glowing redI am the one hiding under yours stairsFingers like 6)____________ and 7) ______________ in my hairThis is Halloween, this is HalloweenHalloween! Halloween! Halloween! Halloween!
every age
strange
pumpkins
everybody
Trick or treat
snakes
spiders
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In this town we call homeEveryone hail to the 8)________________________In this town, don’t we love it now?Everybody’s waiting for the next 9)____________________Round that corner, man hiding in the trash canSomething’s waiting now to pounce, and how you’ll…Scream! This is HalloweenRed ‘n’ black, slimy greenAren’t you 10)___________________?Well, that’s just fineSay it once, say it twiceTake a chance and roll the dice
Ride with the moon in the 11)_______________Everybody scream! Everybody scream!In our town of Halloween!I am the 12)__________ with the tear-away face
pumpkin song
surprise
scared
dead of night
clown
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Here in a flash and gone without a traceI am the «who» when you call, «Who’sthere?»I am the wind blowing through your hairI am the 13)____________ on the moonlit nightFilling your 14)____________ to the brim with frightThis is Halloween, this is HalloweenHalloween! Halloween! Halloween! Halloween!Halloween! Halloween!Tender lumpings everywhereLife’s no fun without a 15)_____________________That’s our job, but we’re not meanIn our town of Halloween
In this townDon’t we love it now?Everyone’s waiting for the next surprise

shadow
dreams
good scare
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16)______________ Jack might catch you in the backAnd scream like a bansheeMake you jump out of your skinThis is Halloween, everybody screamWon’t ya please make way for a very 17)_________________Our man jack is King of the Pumpkin patchEveryone hail to the Pumpkin KingThis is Halloween, this is HalloweenHalloween! Halloween! Halloween! Halloween!In this town we call homeEveryone hail to the pumpkin songLa lala la, la la la la…
Skeleton
special guy
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4. Placed over your face
5. Human that transforms into a wolf
9. ___________ or Treat!
10. Disguise
11. Night flying mammals
12. A house where ghosts live is considered _________________
Across
Down
1. Dracula is one of these
2. Scary creatures, or __________, Inc.
3. Carved pumpkin
6. Web creator
7. Halloween month
8. Stirs potions in a cauldron
11. Ghostly talk
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SPOOKY HELLOWEEN QUIZ
1. When is Halloween celebrated?
a) December 25th
b) February 14th
c) October 31th
2. What colours are associated with Halloween?
a) red and green
b) yellow and blue
c) orange and black
3. Who can walk through walls?
a) witches
b) goblins
c) ghosts
4. What is worn to keep vampires away?
a) garlic
b) onion
c) pepper
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5. When are werewolves supposed to come out?
during a full moon
b) after midnight
c) on a Halloween night
6. What does a witch use for transport?
a) a hat
b) a motorbike
c) a broomstick
7.What would you call a group of witches?
coven
b) gang
c) mob
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